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Dogma: Blessed Gauvin of Berry

 
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MessagePosté le: Sam Déc 01, 2012 2:30 pm    Sujet du message: Dogma: Blessed Gauvin of Berry Répondre en citant

Accepted into the Dogma by the ESPC on 1 December 1460

Bender.B.Rodriguez a écrit:
Citation:


Gauvin of Berry known as "le maestro"


Maestro di cappella, benefactor of the Church of Bourges, Berry castrato.


  • And suddenly there was light


    During the year 1333, Jean II le Bon, King of France, gave birth to a bastard during one of his military campaigns. So was born Gauvin. He will never see his father who did not recognize him. His mother, bad mother, was living in luxury and royal games of power for a king who only wants more power. She delegated the education of his child to nurses and tutors. Gauvin was breastfed. Between feedings, until the age of seven, he was read the sacred books. Even if he was not able to understand, unconsciously, he turned his soul to the Allmighty, never to leave the faith.

    He spent his youth between opulent breasts, servants and women of flesh and luxury. Gauvin was a boy who love women, already at an early age, he behaved like a scoundrel with the servants of the house where he lived. When he entered adolescence, surrounded by so many women amazed by its beauty and natural class, Gauvin became an inveterate womanizer. The young man contained with difficulty his growing impulsions. His tutor has to whip him if he wanted him to learn not to run after grils between two lessons. It was not uncommon to discover him naked at the turn of a corridor, in full swing with a wench more embarrassed than him to be so disclosed. His lack of restraint and inelegant way to indulge the flesh with any woman in his entourage were public knowledge and Gauvin was the shame of his mother. Her reputation was badly known and her position in the court of the king imposed a decision : Gauvin, known as "the beaste", has to be placed far away from the female. He was sent to a monastery.



  • From light comes harmony


    The young Gauvin, barely sixteen years old, found himself locked in a small cold and damp cell, without being able to satisfy his appetite for the female. The place was only frequented by men. The first few weeks were the hardest of his life, and his penchant for pleasure led him to discover new things with handsome young monks. The rector of the monastic order decided to strike a blow. Gauvin was said possesed by the nameless beast and the decision was made to deprive the instrument of his vice. The young bastard was presented to doctors of the order and he was castrated. Gauvin wept during nights and finally managed to get to sleep in the scriptures. Touched in the depths of his soul by the Aristotelian speech, he felt faith through brilliantly illustrated texts. The magnificent illuminations gave him a considerable attraction for art that did not leave him until his last breath.

    So far to this point, his life had hardly been pious, but he now attended every office and listened to the wise words taught by monks. He learned the vita and the logos of Christos. He spent five long years almost in prison, but for him it was like freedom. He left the monastery transcended and transformed. Those who had experienced lewd Gauvin didn't believe what they saw. He returned to Bourges with a novitiate in his pocket and offered to help the priest of the parish of Bourges, an old alcoholic man, taking barely standing and giving a disastrous image of the Church to believers. The priest, glad to delegate his work to a young man, decides to name Gauvin as a deacon. Gauvin's superior, named father Frigoulet, let him manage the parish. The father was too busy ogling the booze. The more they rubbed, the more Gauvin understood that Frigoulet was the kind of religious who take down the image of the Church. It was a great opportunity for the heterodox to spit in the face of the Roman church. After five long years dedicated to the city, he decided to reveal every details to the Bishop of Bourges. The bishop, learning the unspeakable conduct of the priest withdrew him the charge of Bourges.

    Gauvin was 26 years old when he entered the service of the ducal palace. His past was far away in his mind. He would like to erase all the parties and wild nights. Gauvin was noted for his exceptional voice by the Duke of Berry. He asked him to join him to sing during his great receptions. He soon gave Gauvin the nickname "castrato". His magnificent songs gave joy to prestigious guests. He was inspired from old hymns, and his voice brought a surprising fervor. So, after a year of acclaimed performances and weekly homilies, he decided to make a choice. Gauvin would choose a religious career for the greatness of the Almighty. He stopped searching for meaning in his life and decided that his life would be devoted to the priesthood. The next day he went to see the Bishop of Bourges and accepted ordination.



  • From harmony to enlightenment


    Gauvin became the Father Gauvin, the youngest priest to be in the parish of Bourges. His work was impressive. Not only was he a cleric of talent, but in addition, he was priest with a class and elegance like no other. He was the son of a king but was never recognized. He never received the love of a father or a mother, so he gave his love to everyone. His masses echoed across the capital of Berry because of his extraordinary voice. Rich and powerful aristocrats came to see him. His reputation crossed the borders of Berry and, from all around the neighborhood people came. The church of Bourges has never been so full. On feast days, the faithful waited on the square to hear the mass. Gauvin was a religious icon, he was a man of character. He led the church of Bourges on a road full of greatness. The bishop recognized his talent and invited him to officiate with him to consecrate the dukes and marrying the powerful of Berry. Gauvin was a real phenomenon, his representations to the court of Berry brought him great money, the nobles paid him to come and sing in their strongholds, so Gauvin amassed a small fortune.

    When he was mid-thirties, still attracted to religious art, he decided to paint large murals to decorate and illuminate the church of Bourges. He didn't like to have money, but didn't know how to spent it, so he donated his fortune and his land and to the diocese of Bourges to provide the needs of the people of Berry. He proposed to repair the old cathedral.The work was Pharaonic and the front of the cathedral became as magnificent as the the greatness of God. Gauvin was recognize has a great virtuous man and a hard worker. Therefore, Gauvin became fascinated by the arts of illumination and ordered still more work to monastic orders. The ducal palace of Berry and many castles were decorated by him. He was entrusted for the renovation of buildings to restore. At the age of 45, Gauvin was certainly one of the most known man in Berry, even in the royal domain. He was invited to sing at the royal court and sang to his half-brother, Charles, the legitimate son of Jean le Bon. Gauvin never knew who his father was and his relationship with he was no in relation with his mother.

    Gauvin baptized, confessed, married and officiated and take no rest. He was one of the most active clerics of the kingdom and he was asked from very far to hear his unique voice. The bishop and the archbishop had to refused requests for him so he did not hold two ceremonies in one day. The reputation of Gauvin came to Rome and his work was told to the pope. He was invited to sing during the ceremony of the star of Aristotle, in front of the highest officials of the Church, the cardinals, archbishops and leaders of the kingdoms of France, Italy and many more. Gauvin had the privilege to speak alone with the Pope. The pope noticed the smoothness of the castrato and was grateful for what he had done. His Holiness offered him the title of maestro di cappella, which gave him the right to teach and form religious singers. Gauvin returned to Bourges and then opened the Schola Cantorum.



  • From enlightenment to plainchant


    Gauvin was fifty. He leaved the charge of Father of Bourges because he was too busy with the direction of the school choir. He was the initiator of neumatic style, which contrasted sharply with the usual chants based on the use of a single note. He became a great composer. He made a lot of ornemantations for prayers and hymns, it has great effects. His students came from all over the kingdom to learn to chant and sing. Maestro loved teaching to his students. He always said to his fervent religious students :

    Citation:
    "Singing is praying twice"


    Gauvin taught plainchant with mastery. He was entrusted to compose many scores of sacred music. He create the first singing creed. This prayer was the kind of things he composed.

    Citation:
    From the road that traces my journey,
    I focus the sun shining on my destiny,
    I feel the warmth of the love of God,
    My soul as my heart by faith are girded
    Oh God welcomes me in your garden.




    The rest of his life was devoted to art and sacred music. Combining the work of recognized illuminators to his talent for composition, he donated his work to the churches of Berry. He designed a huge fresco to decorate one of the chapels of the cathedral of Bourges. It was a request of the Archbishop and it was representing a sung prayer to Christos. His musical works were included in numerous parishes in the ecclesiastical province from Limousin to Rouergue ad passing through the Bourbonnais. Gauvin was called "the maestro" and so he is named today. To those who asked him why he now devoted himself to music, he retorted :

    Citation:
    "If the Almighty has given us such a voice, it is certainly not to bark like dogs shepherds. The shepherd gathers his flock of his voice, and the priest sings for the salvation of your souls."


    Gauvin died in March of the year 1403 at the age of 70 years. His busy life left him no regrets. From his deathbed, killed by disease and affliction, he still wrote musical works. There were many people coming to pay their last tribute to him, laying on his last bed. Nobles of Berry and powerful people of the Church of France were coming to see him. His Holiness was too old to visit, but he send him a carved jeweled and feather gold bottle of ink as reward for his work. During his last breath, when he left the living world, some could hear a perfect C.



  • Patronage : singers, illuminators, Berrichons.


  • Relics : His body, rests in the crypt of the cathedral of Bourges. The vial of ink and gold pen offered by the Pope are kept in the library of the Cathedral of Bourges. The first and intact partition of the singing creed is kept in a showcase of St Titus apse of the cathedral of Bourges.


Anonymous text, found, corrected and edited by Bishop Bender.B.Rodriguez

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