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[Canon Law] Book 2.2 The episcopate, the priesthood ...

 
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Jolieen



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MessagePosté le: Mar Oct 02, 2018 9:08 pm    Sujet du message: [Canon Law] Book 2.2 The episcopate, the priesthood ... Répondre en citant

Citation:


    ........
    Regimini secularis ecclesiae
    Bulle pontificale « About the government of the Secular Church ».







    Book 2. The episcopate, the priesthood, and the religious constituencies 


    2.2 : Parishes (parish priests and their assistants, chaplains)

    The religious parish is in the first place a geographical subdivision within a diocese.
    In the aristotelian church, the parish designates both a precise geographical area, the „parish territory“, and a group of people living in this area and constituting the parish community.

    The word descends from the latin word „parochia“, used by the first aristotelian communities to designate the territory of an episcopal city. In the 5th century, it is already very close to its current meaning since it applies to territories and communities existing outside the episcopal seat.

    It is therefore possible to be part of several parishes, but the administrative level is directly depending on the communal parish of the main residence. (OOC: the one visible on the profile)

    There are 3 kinds of parishes, all of them depend on a bishop who is the direct religious superior of the parish leader.

    A cleric may take care of several parishes, but he will have to be enthroned by the same bishop, because a parish clerk can not depend on several bishops. This is not only valid for the deacons and vicars responsible for the parish, but also for the helpers because they are indirectly under the authority of the bishop as their direct superior.

    A priest, deacon, vicar, almoner or chaplain may not perform sacraments outside the parish where they are entitled without the permission of their bishop AND the parish in question.


    1) The parish – communal or city.

    The communal parish is obligatorily an open city or village, referenced as a parish and comprising a church, a town hall, its residents and a market.

    The so-called parish church is the gathering place of the community in front of which the parish priest and his assistants celebrate various ceremonies such as the two weekly masses.
    The communal parish can only have 3 leaders recognized as such.
    The communal parish may have a priest, a vicar or a deacon.
    The head of the parish can have 2 helpers, either deacon or vicar.
    Additional helpers such as acolytes, beadles, sacristans are not considered clerics and even if the bishop's consent is required to appoint them, they are under the direct responsibility of the parish official who appointed them.
    The priest, and only the priest, can hear confessions within the parish church
    He will be able to name 3 confessors in the most high (in god) who will be able to hear the confession of the faithfuls, but they will only be able to give absolution in respect of the canon law.


    Priest

    The material cause = he must be a priest and theologian of the aristotelian church (N3VE)
    The efficiant cause = he is depending to be appointed by the archbishop or the bishop of the communal parish or city parish where he is appointed to.
    The formal cause = he is appointed by the archbishop or the bishop of the parish his nomination depends on.

    The final cause

    The priest can celebrate all Aristotelian sacraments except ordination.
    He is in representative charge and in god (In god) the religious, economic and administrative leader of his parish.
    He may appoint two clerics to assist him as vicar or deacon, and as many acolytes as he wishes, provided he has the consent of his bishop.
    He may name 3 parish confessors in God. (not yet coded )

    Cumulative: Priest is a principal duty, so it can not accumulate with other principal duties.


    Deacon and Vicar

    The material cause = he must be faithful to the Church, if he is ordained the deacon bears the name of vicar.
    The efficiant cause = he is appointed by the parish priest with the agreement of his bishop (or archbishop).
    The formal cause = he is appointed by the parish priest or by his bishop (or archbishop).
    The final cause = He has representative responsibility for the religious management of the parish where he is appointed to.

    Deacons and vicars can celebrate all the Aristotelian sacraments except ordination.
    They can not name confessors or any parochial clergy and they depend directly on the parish priest or his absence of the bishop.

    Cumulative: Deacon or vicar are secondary duties related to the cumulation rules.They can accumulate with one other secondary or principal duties in the secular clergy but only if this duty depends on the same bishop.
    A cardinal or bishop in partibus may, however, be a vicar.

    Parish Administrator – the causal quadriptych :

    The material cause = He must be faithful to the Church.
    The efficiant cause = He is proposed during community prayer by local parishioners to the ecclesiastical hierarchy.
    The formal cause = He is authorized to take charge of the parish offices and his election is sanctioned by the bishop whose parish depends on or by his delegate.
    The final cause = He has the main mission to ensure the In Gratebus management of the parish and serve as a visible relay between the faithful and the Church.

    - The parish administrator sede plena, that is to say in the presence of a parish priest who can not ensure the In Gratebus management of the parish, is placed under the authority of the parish priest Res Parendo responsible for the parish.

    - The parish adiministrator sede vacante,that is to say, in the absence of a designated parish priest, is placed under the authority of the bishop whose parish depends on.

    - The Parish Administrator is not considered a cleric and does not have a soul duty. He is therefore not invested with any religious or spiritual authority.

    N.B. : The Parish Administrator may spend the sacraments only if he holds another office that allows him to.

    - The Parish Administrator can accumulate his office with other clerical functions.

    - The Parish Administrator is responsible for the execution of the masses In Gratebus and to take confessions In Gratebus or to appoint the necessary confessors.

    The acolytes

    The material cause = He must be faithful to the Church.
    The efficiant cause = he is appointed by the parish priest with the agreement of his bishop (or archbishop).
    The formal cause = he is engaged by the pastor of his parish or by his bishop (or archbishop).
    The final cause = He receives a precise mission from his superior; he is usually a faithful wishing to learn religiously to become a deacon or curate thereafter.
    According to his mission he has a different name such as sacristan, beadle, messenger, steward etc ...
    They are not considered clerics and are under the direct responsibility of the person who appoints them.

    Cumulative: not being clerics by their acolyte function they are not bound to any prohibition of accumulation.

    Parish confessor before God

    The material cause = he must be a theologian of the Church.
    The efficiant cause = he is named by the priest of his parish
    The formal cause = he is appointed by the priest of his parish.
    The final cause = He is in charge of the confession before god of the parish where he is appointed. He can only give representative absolution if he is a priest.

    Cumulative: not being clerics by their function of confessor in God (IG), they are not bound to any prohibition of accumulation.



    2) Nobiliary Parish (fief)

    The parish nobility is necessarily a domain, referenced as stronghold and comprising a chapel and at least one residence.
    The noble parish must be attached to a diocese, preferably geographically close, but the noble owner of the parish will be able to choose his bishop, in mutual agreement, from among the national bishops, including cardinals.
    However, the same prelate will not have to bear more fiefs than he can honestly manage.


    The chapel is the meeting place for the owners and their guests, in front of which the chaplain and his assistants celebrate various ceremonies.
    The Parish nobles can only have one official recognized as such.
    The nobility Parish may have at its head a chaplain ordained or not.
    Additional helpers such as acolyte, beadle, sacristan are not considered clerics.
    They are under the direct responsibility of the chaplain and can only practice in the territory of the nobility parish.

    Chaplain

    The material cause = he must be faithful to the Church and he is accredited by the Congregation of the diffusion of the Faith.
    The effeciant cause = he is engaged by a faithful of the nobility.
    The formal cause = he is appointed and under the authority of the bishop of the diocese on which the fief depends.
    According to sex, if he is a layman, he will be called brother or sister chaplain, if he is a priest; chaplain father or mother

    The final cause

    He is responsible for the religious management of the fiefdoms where he is appointed. (the fiefs must depend on the same bishop).
    He can celebrate all the Aristotelian sacraments except ordination.
    He can not name confessors or any member of the parish clergy; he depends directly on the bishop who appointed him.

    Cumulative: Chaplain is a secondary duty related to the rules of accumulation.
    He can accumulate with one of other secondary or primary duties in the secular clergy but only if this duty depends on the same bishop.
    A cardinal or bishop in partibus may, however, be a chaplain.


    3) Community Parish

    In some cases, communities, associations, brotherhoods, guilds or military groups may need a religious guide in their ranks.

    These corporations must report to the bishop of their region who can assign them a religious leader then carrying the title of chaplain.


    Almoner (without OMR )

    The material cause = he must be faithful to the Church and he is accredited by the Congregation of the diffusion of the Faith
    The efficiant cause = he is engaged by a lay, military or civil group.
    The formal cause = he depends on the grouping where the chaplain is appointed and is defined by the congregation of the diffusion of the faith
    According to sex, if he is a layman, he will be called brother or sister chaplain, if he is a priest; chaplain father or mother

    The final cause

    He is in charge of the religious management of the group where he is appointed.
    He can celebrate all the Aristotelian sacraments except ordination.
    He can not appoint confessors or any parish clergy. He administratively depends on the congregation of the faith.

    Cumulative : The almoner is a secondary duty related to the rules of accumulation.
    He can accumulate with one of other secondary or primary duties in the secular clergy but only if this duty depends on the same bishop.
    A cardinal or bishop in partibus may, however, be almoner.

    Community parishes of national vocation


    If the community is intended to be national it will depend directly on the primate or if there is one of the clerk responsible for the almoners.

    Amended, reviewed, corrected, published and sealed by His EminenceAlfonso Augusto di Foscari Widmann d'Ibelin, Cardinal-Archideacon of Rome,the 15th day of the month may, monday in the year of grace MCDLXVI of our lord.



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