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Canon Law - 2.2 - Rome

 
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MessagePosté le: Dim Sep 23, 2007 5:13 pm    Sujet du message: Canon Law - 2.2 - Rome Répondre en citant

Citation:
Rome

Art 1: Rome is the center of government of the Church.
It is composed of various institutions, known as Roman Congregations. The Pope and the Curia sit here.

Art 2: Rome is the seat of the government of the Universal Church.
In the exercise of his supreme, plenary and immediate capacity on the Universal Church, the Roman Pontiff utilizes the Administration of the Roman Curia; it is thus on His behalf and by His authority that those fulfill their duty for the good of the Church and in service to the faithful.

The Administration is composed of the 5 Congregations, the Episcopal Assemblies, and the Pontifical Consistories. They must hold seat in Rome, which will provide them the means of their missions.

The Congregation of the Holy Office
The Congregation for the Teaching of the Faith
The Congregation of the Matters of this Century
The Congregation of the Holy Inquisition
The Congregation of Holy Armies

The Episcopal Assemblies are defined by political grouping of the Dioceses.
It is the Roman Curia which grants the right, or not, of assembly to a particular group of Dioceses.
These will consist of the Bishops and other Prelates of the political zone under the direction of a Primate.

The Pontifical Consistories are defined by grouping linguistically and directed by a triumvirate made up of 3 Prelate carrying the title of Cardinal. It is the Roman Curia which grants the right, or not, to create a Pontifical Consistory.
- The Cardinal "Roman", they also sit at the Roman Curia and must be bilingual French-speaking person.
- the Cardinal "Chamberlain"
- the Cardinal "Primate" (in the Consistories there is not a Bishop Primate)

The mission of the Consistories is to maintain the dogma of the faithful and to manage the linguistic and cultural specificities the faithful under their jurisdiction.

Positions of the Secular Clergy constituting the government of the Universal Church

Pope



The material cause = they must be a titled Cardinal at the time of their nomination. There cannot be another Pope in function.
The efficient cause = it is selected by the College of Cardinals.
The formal cause = they are named by the Camerlingo or the Archdeacon of Rome.
The final cause = it is the highest authority of the Church and heads the Curia.

The Pope as the direct representative of the Universal Church, has all the cumulated capacities of the other clerics.
They may publish Papal bulletins, which are above all the other laws of the Church.

(HRP: this part will be developed when there are rules for a Pope-player)


The Government of Rome: The Cardinals


The Cardinals act as college and must validate, even 'a posteriori', their decisions by the College of Cardinals.
The Cardinals can celebrate all the sacraments of the Aristotelian Church.
The Cardinals only, are entitled to pronounce an excommunication.
The Cardinals alone, are able to validate a separation or an annulment of marriage.
The Cardinals, alone are with being able to validate defrocking of a Priest or Monk, volunteer or not.
The Cardinals have the right of veto on any decision taken by a member of the Clergy, save the Pope.
The Cardinals have the keys, and right of viewing, for all the buildings of Rome.

The title of Cardinal does not prohibit any office plurality with another duty in the Secular or Regular Clergy.
They cannot be considered as a soldier although they can direct or order the armies if they have the post of Cardinal-Constable of Rome.


Among the Cardinals one may find the following functions:

Camerlingo.



The material cause = they must have had been a titled Cardinal for 6 months at the time of their nomination.
The efficient cause = they are chosen by the College of Cardinals.
The formal cause = they are named by the exiting Camerlingo or the Archdeacon of Rome.
The final cause = in the event of absence or incapacity of the Pope, they compensates by acting as representative of the Church.

The Camerlingo is the direct representative of the Curia, they can speak on its behalf and is accountable only to the Holy Father and to the College of Cardinals.
They are elected by the Cardinals, from among the Cardinals, for a maximum of six months according to rules defined by the Curia.
The Camerlingo cumulates the rights reserved to the Cardinals in addition to those of their position.
TheCamerlingo, in the absence of the Pope and the Constable, appoints the Supreme Chief of Holy Armies.
The Camerlingo names the Archdeacon of Rome and determines their missions.
There cannot be more than one Camerlingo in function, they who is in station thus lose their title as of the nomination of the new occurs.


Cardinal-Constable



(for the restriction of device how more specific can we be?)

The material cause = they must be a titled cardinal at the time of their nomination. There cannot be another Constable in function.
The efficient cause = they is chosen by the College of Cardinals.
The formal cause = they are named by the Camerlingo or the Archdeacon of Rome.
The final cause = they are responsible for the defense of Rome and safety of the Clerics and Prelates of the Aristotelian Church. They ensure the command of all forces attached to the Church.


They are elected by the Cardinals from among the Cardinals.
The Constable cumulates the rights reserved to the Cardinals in addition to those of their position.
The Constable directs and supervises the whole of the Congregation of the Holy Armies.
The complete list of duties of the Constable are defined by the Congregation of the Holy Armies, and with the consent of the Curia.
There cannot be more than one Constable in function, they who are in station thus lose their title as of the nomination of new occurs.

Archdeacon of Rome



The material cause = it must be a titled Cardinal at the time of their nomination. There cannot be another Archdeacon in function.
The efficient cause = they are chosen by the Camerlingo.
The formal cause = they are named by the Camerlingo.
The final cause = in the event of absence or incapacity of the Camerlingo, they compensate with all legal powers of representation, seats or votes until the resolution of the incapacitated Camerlingo.

The Archdeacon of Rome cumulates the rights reserved to the Cardinals in addition to those of their position.
In the event of disappearance or resignation of the Camerlingo, the Archdeacon will take care of the College, and begin, as soon as possible, the election for new a Camerlingo.
There cannot be more than one Archdeacon in function, they who are in station thus lose their title as of the nomination of new occurs.




Roman Cardinal



The material cause = they must be a titled Bishop at the time of their nomination.
The efficient cause = they are chosen by the College of Cardinals or directly by the Pope.
The formal cause = they are named by the Camerlingo or the Archdeacon of Rome.
The final cause = they are a member of the Curia.



Suffragan Cardinal



The material cause = they must be a titled Bishop at the time of their nomination.
The efficient cause = they are chosen by the College of Cardinals or directly by the Pope.
The formal cause = they are named by the Camerlingo or the Archdeacon of Rome.
The final cause = they are a member of an Episcopal Assembly and consulting member of the Curia.

They can exert their authority as Cardinal only within their Episcopal area, on which they depend, they have advisory access to the College of Cardinals.

Cardinal Emeritus



The material cause = they must have been a Roman or Suffragan Cardinal in a correct and regular manner for more than 6 months.
The efficient cause = they are confirmed by the Curia for one 6 month period.
The formal cause = they are named Emeritus by the College of Cardinals.
The final cause = they are a consulting member of the Curia.

They do not have any more rights relative to another possible duty but hold an advisory seat with the Curia and can celebrate all the sacraments of the Aristotelian Church.

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